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Horned violets decorate the garden with floral carpets of blossoms, frame flower beds and set brightly colored accents in the flower box. Are you thinking of planting the busy flowers? Then open questions will be answered here.

Horned violets are often multicolored

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  1. Plant horned violets correctly
  2. care tips
  3. Which location is suitable?
  4. The right planting distance
  5. What soil does the plant need?
  6. What is the best planting time?
  7. When is flowering time?
  8. Cut horned violets correctly
  9. Water horned violets
  10. Fertilize horned violets properly
  11. Diseases
  12. hibernate
  13. multiply horned violets
  14. Horned violets in a pot
  15. Is horned violet poisonous?
  16. How do horned violets differ from pansies?
  17. How do horned violets thrive perennial?
  18. Are violet flowers edible?
  19. Beautiful varieties
  20. Plant horned violets correctly

    Plant early horned violets outdoors from mid-May, because at this early stage of growth ground frosts could damage the delicate flowers. Prepare the soil in a finely crumbly manner and enrich it with sifted compost and horn meal. Planted in small tuffs, the cheerful radiance of violets comes into its own. If you choose direct sowing as a planting method, follow these steps:

    • In June, prepare a finely crumbly seedbed in a sunny to partially shaded location
    • Mix the seeds with bird sand and sow
    • Sieve and shower the light germs only very thinly with substrate or vermiculite
    • At a temperature of 15-18 degrees Celsius, the germination time takes 4 weeks

    Protect the bed with a close-meshed insect net that also repels pricking birds and voracious snails. From a growth height of 5 cm with 2 pairs of leaves, separate the horned violets at a distance of 20 cm.
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    care tips

    Take the following care program to heart, inspire your horned violets to never-ending blooms:

    • If there is no rain, it is watered regularly
    • During flowering, fertilize with compost, guano (121.99€) and horn shavings
    • Give liquid fertilizer in the planter every 2 weeks
    • Cut in half after the first bloom for a lush second bloom
    • Winter protection in beds is only required in rough locations, but advisable in pots

    Leave the withered horned violets in the bed after the autumn blooms and sow them yourself. If you prefer to regulate the propagation yourself, cut back to the ground now. Otherwise, the withered flowers are cut off before the next shoot in early spring.
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    Which location is suitable?

    Horned violets bloom tirelessly in a sunny to partially shaded location in nutrient-rich, fresh, moist garden soil. Thus, the busy permanent bloomers are suitable for almost every corner of the garden, as long as there is no Egyptian darkness there. The location should be airy so that rain and irrigation water can dry off quickly.
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    The right planting distance

    If you keep a planting distance of 20-25 centimetres, horned violets do not get in each other's enclosure and nevertheless develop a dense carpet of flowers. If you prefer a small variety with a height of 10 centimeters, choose a distance of 10-15 centimeters between the individual flowers.

    What soil does the plant need?

    Horned violets thrive in any good garden soil that is not too lean and dry in structure. As a substrate in the planter, we recommend a commercially available compost-based potting soil, which is given the best permeability with the help of a handful of sand.

    What is the best planting time?

    Are you toying with the idea of planting lovely horned violets? Then choose a planting time adapted to the chosen planting method:

    • Early horned violets: Planting time is from mid-May
    • Cultivation behind glass: sow from mid-February, plant in May
    • Direct sowing in the bed in June and July

    Horned violets that are bought ready-made or grown by hand will delight their gardener with vital flowering already in the year of planting. Directly seeded specimens usually take until the next year before they bloom for the first time.
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    When is flowering time?

    Horned violets score with a long flowering period from March/April to June/July. If you cut back in summer, the flowering period will be extended into October/November. When winter comes with mild, frost-free weather, the flowers don't think about retiring and continue to bloom diligently.
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    Cut horned violets correctly

    When the first flowering period in July is coming to an end, horned violets are far from having shot their floral powder. If you now get out the pruning shears and cut off everything that has withered, the second bloom will follow quickly. At the same time you promote bushy growth and extend the life expectancy of the hard-working ornamental perennials. At the end of the second flowering period, cut back Viola cornuta if seeding is not desired. Otherwise, let the self-sowing run free and only cut off the withered leaves close to the ground before the next sprouting in spring.

    Water horned violets

    Horned violets do not like drought. Therefore, water regularly if the natural rainfall is not sufficient. In the bucket and balcony box, check the substrate every 2 days and water when the surface has dried. Please note that there is also a need for watering in winter when there is a frost. Since the snow is not a source of water in this weather, water on mild days.

    Fertilize horned violets properly

    In the bed, the eager ornamental flowers will appreciate a portion of compost every 2-3 weeks as long as the flowering period lasts. In the pot and flower box (€16.99), the nutrient supply is easier to do with liquid fertilizer or fertilizer sticks. (€4.48) Avoid using nitrogen-rich complete fertilizers, as this promotes the growth of the leaves at the expense of rich flowering.
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    Diseases

    Horned violets are among the favorite prey schemes of cunning mildew fungal spores. At summer temperatures from 20 degrees Celsius, a mealy-white patina spreads out on the underside and upper side of the leaves, which later causes the foliage to die off. How to use environmentally friendly means to fight the disease:

    • Cut off all infected horned violets and dispose of them in the household waste
    • Spray the remaining flowers repeatedly with a mix of fresh milk and water in a ratio of 1:9

    In order not to offer a target for the widespread fungal infection, horned violets are not sprinkled with water if possible. Careful weeding also contributes to prevention, since numerous weeds spread the pathogens.

    hibernate

    Mother Nature endowed horned violets with a robust winter hardiness. In the bed, therefore, protection in the form of leaves, straw or needle brushwood is only required in rough locations. Since the root balls in the pot are more vulnerable to frost, cover the planters with felt, jute or bubble wrap. If the weather is frosty and dry, water Viola cornuta on mild days.
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    multiply horned violets

    You don't get tired of your horned violets? Then multiply the eager ornamental perennials using one of the following methods:

    • Sow behind glass from mid-February
    • Sow directly in the bed from the beginning of June
    • Division of the root ball in spring or autumn
    • Take cuttings in summer
    • Root suckers can be found in spring or fall

    Not every horned violet variety is suitable for every propagation method. Small flowers with a growth height of 5 centimeters are not suitable for the propagation of cuttings. Other hybrids do not form root suckers.
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    Horned violets in a pot

    In the pot, the distinctive flower of horned violets comes into its own enchantingly. So that you can enjoy the wealth of colors for a long time, a drainage system made of pebbles or grit prevents destructive waterlogging above the water drain in the floor. Choose a good quality compost-based potting soil as a substrate and add some sand or perlite. How to take care of it:

    • If the potting soil dries, it is watered
    • Fertilize every 2 weeks during the flowering period
    • Cut back by half after the first bloom
    • Cut back close to the ground at the latest before fresh sprouting

    For horned violets in pots, we recommend frost-free overwintering in a bright location. The smaller the planter, the greater the risk of the root ball freezing through. Water occasionally during the cold season to keep the flowers from drying out.

    Is horned violet poisonous?

    Horned violets do not pose any health risk to humans or animals. On the contrary, the delicate flowers are even edible. Creative chefs use fresh horned violets to colorfully decorate desserts, salads, cold buffets and refreshing drinks.
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    How do horned violets differ from pansies?

    Anyone who botanically lumps horned violets and pansies over the top overlooks the following characteristics that characterize each of these flowers:

    • The flower of pansies is twice as large at 6 cm
    • Horned violets are more numerous, decorated with a spur in the middle of the flower

    The most noticeable difference can be seen in the flowering period. While pansies bloom from April to July, horned violets flourish tirelessly from March until the first frost and also give a colorful guest performance in mild winters.
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    How do horned violets thrive perennial?

    Every horned violet contains the vitality for several years of cultivation. The primary requirement is a little attention from the gardener's hand. With this care, the distinctive little flowers will stay true to you for several years:

    • Fertilize and water regularly
    • Clean faded flowers and cut back after flowering
    • Rejuvenate by division in spring, cuttings in September, cuttings in summer or sowing

    Cover only sensitive varieties with leaves or brushwood in winter to avoid fungi or rot. Water when there is a frost on mild days. If horned violets are already limp in the second year, they are usually not frozen, but dried up.
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    Are violet flowers edible?

    If the heart of a gourmet beats in the hobby gardener at the same time, you will appreciate the blossoms of horned violets in the creative kitchen. Violet blossoms not only please the eye in the bed and on the balcony, but also serve as a tasty decoration on salads, desserts, cold dishes and tempting cakes. Preferably use horned violets that you have cultivated yourself, because in this case you can be sure that no pesticides have poisoned the flowers.
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    Beautiful varieties

    • Etain: a violet dream with light yellow flowers with a subtle violet border, robust and richly flowering
    • Hansa: a historic variety with bright blue-purple flowers from April
    • Rebecca: the flower captivates with wavy petals, marbled in creamy white and violet
    • Irish Molly: a slightly sensitive variety with a unique copper, chestnut brown and yellow colouration
    • Milkmaid: the 10 cm small, milk-white horned violet develops dense flower cushions even without pruning

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