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Tomatoes, peppers or courgettes only thrive in a lot of light - in shady places, on the other hand, the harvest is likely to be very meager, if at all. The same applies to the majority of useful plants, which only feel comfortable in sunny gardens or on the bright balcony. But if you only have a shady garden, you don't have to do without fresh greenery from your own cultivation. Some vegetable plants and fruit trees tolerate low-light locations.Peas and beans also thrive in the shade
Suitable vegetables and fruits for the shade garden
The vegetables and fruits that are suitable for the shade garden include, above all, those that thrive in the wild in the forest: berry trees such as wild raspberries, currants, blueberries and wild strawberries are particularly suitable for cultivation in the shaded garden. The same applies to plants such as wild garlic. In addition, most leafy vegetables such as cut, picking or lamb's lettuce, ice lettuce and lamb's lettuce also tolerate a darker location. Furthermore, various types of cabbage such as broccoli, cauliflower, white and red cabbage as well as legumes (peas, beans) and root vegetables (radishes, carrots, parsnips, beetroot) require rather little light.
The right care for the shady vegetable garden
Nevertheless, the plants mentioned cannot do entirely without sun, which is why you should definitely observe the following tips when planting and caring for your shade garden:
- No vegetables should be planted under sprawling (fruit) trees and other shrubs.
- Here the plants are in direct competition with each other, so that none of them really want to thrive anymore.
- In addition, (fruit) trees in particular draw a lot of water and nutrients - vegetable plants also depend on both.
- Make sure that the available light is optimally used in the shade garden,
- For example, by placing reflectors behind the plants that catch the last rays of sunshine.
- If the bed is in front of a wall, paint it white - this also reflects.
- Warmth helps the plants to grow, so ensure the best conditions with foil tunnels, glass boxes, etc.
- Shady locations are also often rather damp, which can lead to waterlogging.
- Before planting, ensure optimal drainage and carry out soil amendment if necessary.
- Good garden soil is loose, permeable and rich in humus.
- Before planting, work in plenty of compost and check the pH of the soil.
Before planting, first have a soil analysis carried out, which should be repeated every four years. Then you will find out how your garden soil is actually composed - and how you can optimally fertilize in the garden.