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Flax is important both for oil production and for the clothing industry. But it is also good as an ornamental plant. Find out below what to consider when growing this plant in order to achieve bountiful harvests!

Flax needs a bright spot to thrive

Does flax place special demands on the floor?

Linen makes no special demands on the soil. Basically, the plant prefers soils with the following properties:

  • not prone to wetness
  • permeable
  • medium nutrient content
  • not too hard
  • not too humorous
  • profound
  • sandy loam soils

When and how is the sowing done?

You should sow the flax early in the year. The ideal period is between late March and early April. It is important that there is no severe frost at the time of sowing! Choose a bright location!

The seeds are sown broadly and incorporated well. They should be 2 to 3 cm deep in the ground. A distance of 20 to 30 cm between the individual plants is optimal. Germination takes 1 to 2 weeks.

Does flax need maintenance during its growing season?

In suitable locations, the flax does not need any special care during its growth period. It tolerates dry periods well. It just doesn't do well in the wet. For a rich harvest, it is important that the water supply is ensured during flowering. If the soil is well supplied with nutrients when sowing, you do not need to fertilize the flax afterwards.

How long does it take to harvest?

With linseed, it takes between 110 and 120 days before you can harvest up to 3 tons of linseed per hectare. Fiber flax must be harvested about 10 days before it is fully ripe.

How do you recognize mature flax?

The flax is usually ready for harvest at the end of August and flax cultivation ends. The flax capsules mature evenly. Once ripe, the seeds will rustle inside. Other characteristics of maturity:

  • lower leaves have fallen off
  • upper part of the stem is colored brown
  • lower part of the stem is colored green


Oats or maize are ideal as a preceding crop, as they leave few weeds behind.

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