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The Japanese loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) belongs to the rose family and is closely related to the apple, which can also be seen very well in the fruit. The evergreen tree or shrub has leaves that are up to 25 centimeters long and are dark green and shiny on the surface. On their lower side, however, they have the eponymous white, woolly hairs. In its Japanese homeland, however, the Japanese loquat is mainly cultivated for its plum-sized, sweet and sour-tasting fruits.

With us, the Japanese loquat rarely bears fruit

Which location does the Japanese loquat prefer?

The Japanese Loquat prefers a sunny to half-shady site on a protected from wind and rain place; also likes to be outdoors during the growing season. Commercial potting soil or potting soil is suitable as a substrate.

Can the Japanese loquat also be planted in the garden?

Since the Japanese loquat is not hardy, it is better not to plant it out. Instead, it also thrives very well in pots.

How high is the water requirement of the Japanese loquat?

The exotic fruit tree has a very high need for moisture and should therefore be watered regularly and vigorously. However, waterlogging should be avoided.

When and with what should the Japanese loquat be fertilized?

Fertilize the loquat about every two weeks with a good container plant fertilizer. Fertilization is also done in winter, but then considerably less frequently.

Can you cut the Japanese loquat?

The shoot tips of young plants should be trimmed regularly in spring and summer, as this encourages branching. Care cuts are possible in early spring.

When does the Japanese loquat bloom?

The loquat is an autumn bloomer that blooms between September and November. If the weather conditions are right, flowering tends to start earlier in this country.

How can the Japanese loquat be propagated?

The plant can be propagated very well by seeds (obtained from fruit) or by cuttings.

When should the loquat be repotted?

In the pot, the Japanese loquat can grow up to two meters high, and it also develops a strong root ball with age. For this reason, you should regularly transplant the plant into a larger pot in early spring.

What diseases and pests is the Japanese loquat particularly susceptible to?

The actually quite robust Japanese loquat is sometimes attacked by plant lice (aphids or mealybugs and scale insects) if it is not cared for properly. In wet summers, problems can also arise from fungal infestation.

What is the best way to overwinter the Japanese loquat?

It is best to overwinter the Japanese loquat cool and frost-free and bright.

tips

Loquats grown from seed take several years to flower for the first time. Fruits are only rarely formed in our latitudes.

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