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When talking about Cyprus grass, not a single plant is meant. Although mostly the same species can be found in our domestic 4 walls, there are many more interesting Cyprus grasses.

The papyrus plant is also a Cyprus grass species

Most species come from the tropics and subtropics

There are around 600 species worldwide. Most species are found in tropical and subtropical regions. 27 of the 600 find their home in Europe. One thing they all have in common is that they belong to the plant family of the sauergrass family and predominantly inhabit swamps.

Species found in Central Europe

It is not uncommon to find the following species with their maximum growth height on Central European soil:

  • Bulbous Cyprus grass: 90 cm
  • Dwarf Cyprus Grass: 15 cm
  • Pannonian Cyprus Grass: 20 cm
  • Brown Cyprus grass: 25 cm, clump-forming
  • Fresh green Cyprus grass: 60 cm, herbaceous
  • Tigernut: 100 cm, herbaceous
  • Chestnut Cyprus Grass: 40 cm
  • Ball of Cyprus Grass: 150 cm
  • Tall Cyprus grass: 200 cm, many stolons

The best-known species: Cyperus alternifolius

Cyperus alternifolius can often be found in apartments and houses in this country. This specimen is the best-known and most widespread species worldwide. It is particularly popular as a houseplant. It is rarely planted outdoors because it is not hardy.

Cyperus alternifolius can grow up to 1 m high. Narrow leaves that appear extremely filigree, are round to triangular in shape and have fine-grained stripes characterize the overall appearance. The flowers of this perennial species, originally native to Madagascar, are brown.

Three more interesting species

Last but not least, Cyperus albostriatus, Cyperus papyrus and Cyperus haspan are interesting. The former Cyprus grass impresses with a bright green color, grows up to 90 cm high and produces light brown flowers.

Cyperus papyrus is colored dark green. The perennial grows up to 3 m high and has both particularly thick culms (2 cm) and particularly long leaves (up to 25 cm). Cyperus haspan is popular as a houseplant, grows to a height of between 30 and 80 cm and develops brown flower spikes from May.


No matter which Cyprus grass you choose, they are all non-toxic and make suitable treats for cats.

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